Researchers and developers of digital psychosocial interventions for people with dementia and family carers should consult end users on the mode of delivery of their interventions to ensure its usability.
Explanation and Examples
Consensus exists that consultations with people with dementia and family carers should be carried out when developing digital complex interventions for these populations. However, with different platforms that are available to researchers and developers, it is especially important to ensure that the mode of delivery of these technologies (e.g., smartphone application, website, text messages etc.) is appropriate and useful for people who are going to use the intervention. Qualitative consultations in the form of interviews and focus groups with end users can be especially useful for this. We conducted focus groups with 17 people with dementia and family carers to establish their needs and wishes regarding the digital adaptation of an existing face-to-face intervention. Contrary to our expectations, we discovered that participants preferred a website intervention if they were going to use the intervention for a limited amount of time, for example less than four weeks. Smartphone applications were preferred if they were going to be used for a longer period. Consultations with end users are recommended to establish not just the intervention content but also its mode of delivery.
ThemesComplex intervention Design Involvement of Users Mode of delivery
Target groupsDementia researchers Developers/designers of technological interventions
Type of evidence
Focus group study with 17 people with dementia and family carers
Kohl, G., Cardoso, S., Heins, P., Scior, K., & Charlesworth, G. (2023). Guidance for moving psychosocial interventions online: A worked example of adapting ‘Who to tell, how and when’ for people living with dementia. Imminent manuscript submission to JMIR.